Blood adenosine levels positively correlate to the white
matter lesions in very low birth weight premature infants

Blood adenosine levels positively correlate to the white matter lesions in very low birth weight premature infants

Prematurity affects about 10% of pregnancies worldwide each year. In about 20% of very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants, punctate white matter lesions (PWML) can be diagnosed at MRI at term equivalent age. PWML is accompanied by mild impairment in the development of white matter tracts, that can affect both long-term motor and cognitive…

Opioid use disorder treatment during pregnancy can minimize
adverse impacts on the fetal brain

Opioid use disorder treatment during pregnancy can minimize adverse impacts on the fetal brain

Treating pregnant women with opioid use disorder can help minimize opioid-related brain abnormalities in their newborns. Led by scientists at Cedars-Sinai, this is the first study to report evidence validating the benefits of using medication for opioid use disorder during pregnancy. Brain imaging revealed significant improvements in brain function after treatment. The findings were published…

New research project to explore sun safety policies in
primary schools in Wales

New research project to explore sun safety policies in primary schools in Wales

With skin cancer rates rising, much of it preventable, a new research project is to explore the role of primary schools in Wales and assess the effectiveness of sun safety policies in protecting children. The results will help improve prevention of skin cancer in Wales and beyond. Skin cancer now accounts for half of all…

Playing video games can help increase children’s
intelligence

Playing video games can help increase children’s intelligence

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have studied how the screen habits of US children correlates with how their cognitive abilities develop over time. They found that the children who spent an above-average time playing video games increased their intelligence more than the average, while TV watching or social media had neither a positive nor…

SARS-CoV-2-related caregiver mortality and orphanhood among
children

SARS-CoV-2-related caregiver mortality and orphanhood among children

In a recent article posted to the medRxiv* preprint server, researchers illustrated coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-linked caregiver death and orphanhood in children. Study: 10.4 Million Children Affected by COVID-19-associated Orphanhood and Caregiver Death: An Imperative for Action. Image Credit: L Julia/Shutterstock Background According to emerging worldwide modeling evidence on severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-related…

Overcoming sudden cardiac arrest: Henry’s
story 

Overcoming sudden cardiac arrest: Henry’s story 

“Compassion is CHOC’s middle name,” says Emily Fusco, mom of 13-year-old CHOC patient Henry, as she reflects on the compassion, kindness and expertise shown by CHOC’s doctors, nurses, child life specialists and support staff during Henry’s two-week stay at CHOC Hospital in Orange.    It all started on Feb. 7, 2022, when Emily received a phone…

Maternal obesity greatly increases offspring's risk of
cardiac problems in later life

Maternal obesity greatly increases offspring's risk of cardiac problems in later life

Maternal obesity impairs heart health and function of the fetus according to a new study in mice. The study, published in The Journal of Physiology found that maternal obesity causes molecular changes in the heart of the fetus and alters expression of genes related to nutrient metabolism, which greatly increases offspring’s risk of cardiac problems…

Researchers Identify Potential Target for Rhabdomyosarcoma
Recurrence Prevention

Researchers Identify Potential Target for Rhabdomyosarcoma Recurrence Prevention

Thought LeadersAnand Patel and Michael Dyer Pediatric Oncologist and Developmental BiologistSt. Jude Children’s Hospital In this interview, News-Medical speaks to Anand Patel and Michael Dyer from St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital about their recent research suggesting EGFR inhibitors may prevent rhabdomyosarcoma recurrence. Please can you introduce yourself, tell us about your scientific background, and what inspired your latest research? Anand Patel: I…

Research may lead to more effective interventions for
hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy

Research may lead to more effective interventions for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy

One of the most common causes of disability or death in newborns is a lack of oxygen or blood flow in the brain during labor or delivery. The condition, known as hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), can result in severe brain damage, which is why researchers at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and UH…